Companion Planting 101: Maximize Your Garden’s Potential

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    Imagine a lush garden where plants flourish, pests stay away and the soil is bursting with nutrients. It might sound like a dream, but there’s a secret to making it happen—companion plants.

    Companion planting is a practice that involves strategically pairing plants to create a harmonious garden ecosystem. By picking the right plant combos, you’ll see your garden grow better, stay healthier and enjoy some fantastic benefits.

    Companion Planting Chart

    AsparagusTomato, basil, parsley             
    Basil         Tomato, peppers, oregano, chamomileRue                          
    BeansMost vegetables and herbs         Onion, garlic, gladiolus     
    Cabbage FamilySage, dill, beets, peppermint, rosemary, corn, onion family, chard, spinach, sunflowers, nasturtiumsDill, fennel, strawberries, pole beans, tomatoes
    CantaloupeCorn, sunflowers                  Potatoes
    CarrotsOnions, leeks, rosemary, sage      Dill, parsley                
    CeleryOnion and cabbage families, tomatoes, bush beans, nasturtiums 
    CornIrish potatoes, beans, English peas, pumpkins, cucumber, squashTomatoes
    CucumberBeans, corn, English peas, sunflowers, radishes, cabbage familyIrish potatoes, aromatic herbs
    EggplantBeans, marigolds                  Potatoes  
    GarlicRoses, tomatoes, lettuce, beets    Peas, beans                  
    LettuceCarrot, radish, strawberries, cucumber, onions 
    MarigoldsTomatoes, beans, squash, cucumbers  
    Onion FamilyBeets, carrots, lettuce, cabbage family, tomatoes, strawberries, Summer Savory tomato, asparagusBeans, English peas           
    PeasCarrots, radishes, cucumbers       Onions, garlic               
    Irish PotatoBeans, corn, cabbage family, marigolds, horseradish, peasPumpkin, squash, tomatoes, cucumber, sunflowers, raspberries
    RosemaryCabbage, beans, carrots, sage      Basil, potatoes              
    SquashNasturtium, corn, radishes, marigolds 
    StrawberriesBush beans, spinach, borage, lettuce (as a border)Cabbage
    SunflowersCucumbers, corn, beans, squash     Potatoes, tomatoes            
    ThymeCabbage, onions, potatoes, eggplantMint, basil                  
    TomatoHerbs, such as parsley, dill, and basilIrish potatoes, fennel, cabbage family
    ZucchiniCorn, beans, peas, radishes        Potatoes, pumpkin             

    The Benefits of Companion Planting

    • Diversity: By planting a variety of different species, you create balance. Companion planting encourages biodiversity, combats pests and diseases and promotes a healthier garden ecosystem.
    • Pest control: companion plants repel pests and attract beneficial bugs. Aromatic herbs like lavender, rosemary and mint confuse pests, and different scents mixed in keep the ecosystem balanced.
    • Soil fertility: Companion planting is also about improving soil fertility. Nitrogen-fixing plants, such as legumes, can convert atmospheric nitrogen into a form that plants can use. Improve soil fertility with nitrogen-fixing plants and dynamic accumulators such as comfrey or borage to enrich the soil and provide essential nutrients for neighboring plants.
    • Maximizes space: make the most with limited space by planting climbing plants next to tall crops, and squeeze in fast-growers between the slower ones. This way, you’ll make every inch count and get more veggies in your garden.

    Common Companion Planting Mistakes to Avoid

    • Avoid the pitfalls of planting incompatible plants together, as some combinations can actually hinder each other’s growth.
    • Overcrowding plants can limit growth potential and increase the risk of disease. Proper spacing and crop rotation maintain soil and plant health.  

    Companion planting is a cool way to garden that connects plants like nature intended. It’s eco-friendly, deters pests, boosts soil and uses space wisely. Whether you’re a pro or a newbie, give it a shot for a thriving garden!

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